Technology

Everything you need to know about electronic product design

Developing your idea into a new product can be a fun and rewarding process. The steps outlined down will take you from concept to a fully functional prototype. However, once the prototype is complete, many efforts are still taken before the product is ready for production and sale. This article aims to highlight five basic steps involved in creating a design for a new electronic product. Get fast internet stream from Windstream Internet provider.

Start with a schematic

While developing a printed circuit board is the ultimate goal of electronic design, your first step should be to design a circuit schematic. Think of schematics as similar to house blueprints. These can be drawn with schematic software. The first step in creating a schematic is to conduct preliminary studies to determine the best topology and the most cost-effective components.

Running simulations and breadboards can also be included (and are only rarely used in modern electronics). At this point, you should also develop a parts list for your project. These parts can be found at several electronics companies.

Develop the PCB

While some boards can be wired automatically, most boards need to be wired manually for optimal efficiency. For power and RF circuits (Bluetooth, WiFi, GPS, etc.), the PCB layout is very sensitive, and errors in these areas on the PCB are standard. When the PCB layout is complete, the design program informs the designer if the PCB fits the schematic. It also reviews the line width, trace spacing, and other parameters to ensure that the layout meets all the rules regarding the PCB manufacturing process. Before starting the PCB layout, it will be essential to obtain all the specifications of the PCB manufacturer’s method.

Each PCB shop has its own set of manufacturing process requirements. Once the design is complete, it’s time to submit the data to the PCB store for prototyping. The board should arrive within 1-2 weeks. Or you can sometimes pay extra for expedited shipping.

Debug your circuit

When the prototype is returned, it needs to be tested, and any problems found must be debugged. Ideally, there won’t be any problems, but this is very rare, and there will almost always be at least a few problems. Debugging your circuit is difficult to predict because until you know what the problem is, you cannot decide how long it will take to fix it.

Microprocessor Programming

Almost all electronics today contain a microcontroller that acts as the brain of the product. These are almost always written in the “C” programming language. Some software parts can be written in assembly language if they need to be very efficient or fast. Programming is sometimes done by the person who designed the circuit but is usually done by a software specialist.

Creating the shell

Almost always done by someone other than the engineer handling phases one through four. At first, all you need is a 3D modeling expert, especially if you already have a good idea of what your product will look like. To make it look good, you may want to hire an industrial design engineer at some point. For example, an industrial designer is an engineer who makes Apple’s product look so slick.

In any case, make sure that the man creating the 3D model has experience with injection molding. Injection molding is used for high-volume production, while 3D printing is used for low-volume prototyping. Make sure to explain to your designer to create a model that can be both 3D printed and injection molded.
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